Altitude sickness is also a kind of pathological situation at the higher altitude region of the human body which goes from mild to mild. It is also popularly known for Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) and Hypobaropathy.
The altitude region of any place generally starts to affect from the elevation up to 2400m above sea level. This is what we can see clearly that the level of oxygen goes 60% less than sea level.
The surrounding environment started to change at the time when trekkers ascended the trails. The wind, cold, sun, and low oxygen level make the travel to the destination more challenging.
This will lead to the traveler suffering from weakness. They start to have nausea, dizziness, insomnia, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and shortness in breath. There will be some crucial time in which trekkers lose their lives. This is the critical condition that all the trekkers must be aware of such problems.
Sometimes the traveler unknowingly goes for trekking in the various Himalayan regions. This could be your big negligence because every traveler must be aware of what to do and what not to do in every trekking.
You should be well prepared and due to the lack of ignorance, habits to overestimate personal ability, lack of a proper professional guide, and medical team are said to be why travelers suffer from various altitude problems. It can even lead to serious conditions to people of any age, sex, physical and medical conditions.
How and when will I know if I’m suffering from Altitude Sickness?
The problem of altitude sickness may differ from person to person with any age. There is a more probability of getting altitude sickness if a person lacks physical exercises, weakness problems, and may also suffer from any health problems.
There may be a chance of a lack of oxygen at the altitude level. The travelers may suffer from altitude problems when they reach at 2800m above sea level.
Some of the trekkers started showing such problems when they started walking higher and higher. At the same time when they ascend and start to show affects where others get the symptoms after 5 to 7 hours of trek. There is also a high cahb]nce of getting such problems with altitude at night sleep. This is even applied in the Everest three passes trek.
In the following lists we have shown some symptoms of altitude sickness that starts eventually;
Lack of coordination
Loss of appetite
Swelling of hands and feet
In the above lists, we have mentioned the symptoms of altitude sickness that rise initially. If a victim starts to ignore such symptoms and even mediate treatment is not given to them, there will be a very worse situation for the trekkers.
This might be the result of death when the immediate medical precautions are not provided to the victim. Some of the lists of worse symptoms and signs include.
Irrational behavior and depression
Lack of performance (no walking coordination)
Coughing with frothy or bloody sputum
This is the condition you have to get attention and probably need some help via air throughout the helicopter rescue. There is the biggest advice from our side that you should not continue the trek above 2800m if it shows some initial symptoms.
Drinking Alcohol and Coffee at High Elevation
Drinking alcohol is almost dangerous as it is included in the Benzodiazepine family which can also suppress breathing that shows the results in lower oxygen levels. As a general rule of trekking in the higher altitude region alcohol must be avoided. At the same time if you find a few beers at Namche then you can have a little.
Talking about my own experience, when I have a pretty much alcohol drink was a bad idea for me above 15,000 ft. This results in me being in a worse and worse condition which I have not even expected during trekking.
On the other hand, coffee cannot make any of those impacts on acclimatization. If there is a high drink of several cups then you might have gone through some problems. There is a type of people who are regular coffee drinkers.
Then those people should immediately stop such habits while trekking to the Everest region. This may also lead to severe headaches that might get confused in altitude region headaches.
This is the important thing we are going to mention on the following that helps in acclimatization, altitude sickness, Adding some symptoms and treatment procedure that arises eventually while trekking in such regions.
This will also help people to understand what to do to prevent such problems. Following lists of some important things can be applied during the time of trekking and helps in avoiding risks that result in altitude sickness.
If you start feeling sick, assume it is altitude sickness
If you experience any symptoms of altitude sickness do not ascend further
Get over high passes quickly, then descend again
If symptoms persist after resting at the same altitude, descend further
Drink lots and lots of fluid as dehydration can cause the onset of altitude sickness
Ensure your trek has sufficient acclimatization days to rest
Do not feel pressured to keep up with the group if you experience symptoms – go slowly
Avoid smoking and alcohol when trekking
Choose a tour operator that has protocols and procedures in place in case of altitude sickness
Ascend gradually using small increments and employ the ‘trek high – sleep low’ method
Consider taking preventative medication (see below)
In conclusion, Everest base camp altitude sickness should not be lightly taken. It is because altitude sickness is so common in the altitude region of a country. This sickness differs from person to person as they have some health problems with weakness.We have already mentioned above all the symptoms preventive measures to control the altitude problems.
There are also lists of many initial phases of altitude problems above. This is the suggestion and recommendation for all the trekkers who want to have a wonderful and adventurous trek in the Everest region of a country. At last EBC with Chola pass trek has also such condition. So you need to follow some rules while trekking to EBC with Chola Pass trek.